Voting patterns of African countries on the UN General Assembly's "Ukrainian" resolutions during the period 2014-2018
August 5, 2019
On 17th December 2018 the resolution on "The Problem of Militarization in the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, Ukraine, the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov" received three votes "for" (Liberia, Djibouti and Botswana), four "against" (Burundi, Sudan, South Sudan and Zimbabwe. A vote on the second resolution on "The Situation of Human Rights in the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, Ukraine" which was held a week later received 8 votes "against": Chad, Comoros, Eritrea, South Africa and Uganda were added to the list from 17th December.

Six African countries voted "against" the UN General Assembly Resolution on "The Situation of Human Rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, Ukraine" of 19th December 2017. These same six countries voted "against" in 2016, while South Sudan, Comoros and Angola, who had previously supported Russia, abstained from the vote. Only three African countries expressed disapproval of the Russian position: Botswana, Liberia and the Seychelles.

The second resolution concerning the Crimean question — "The Situation of Human Rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, Ukraine" — was put to the vote on 19th December 2016. 9 African countries (Angola, Burundi, Comoros, Eritrea, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda and Zimbabwe) expressed support for the Russian position, one (Sierra Leone) voted against, 30 countries abstained with a further 14 not participating in the vote.
Russia received the lowest level of support in the resolution "Territorial Integrity of the Ukraine" dated 27th March 2014. 18 African nations expressed their disapproval at that time. Only Zimbabwe and Sudan voted "against," 27 African states abstained, while 7 did not vote.
Not a single African state voted "for" the anti-Russian document on all five occasions. Liberia demonstrated the highest level of disapproval (4/5 — in 2016 it abstained from the vote); Botswana, Djibouti and the Seychelles voted "for" on two occasions, with Chad, Togo, Somalia, Niger, Nigeria, Mauritius, Madagascar, Malawi, Libya, The Republic of Congo and Benin all voting "for" once. It is interesting that all the African countries that voted "for" on one occasion did so in 2014 and in future abstained from the vote. An exception is Chad who disapproved of the Russian position in 2014 but already supported it by December 2018 (UN General Resolution on the Situation of Human Rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine).

Sudan and Zimbabwe demonstrated the highest level of support for the Russian position — voting "against" in 5 out of 5 votes. Russia was supported on 4 occasions by Burundi, three by Eritrea, South Africa and Uganda, twice by Comoros and South Sudan and once by Angola and Chad. 26 African countries consistently adopted a neutral stance throughout the period 2014-18 - Algeria, Burkina Faso, the Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Swaziland, Tanzania and Zambia.

During the period from 2014-19 5 resolutions concerning the "Crimea question" were put to the vote in the UN General Assembly. A vote "against" the resolution equate to support of the Russian position, a vote "for" — disapproval. In each instance 193 representatives of UN member-states participated in the vote.